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Mongolia About this sound Монгол улс (help·info), literally Mongol country/nation) is a landlocked country in East and Central Asia. It is bordered by Russia to the north and the People's Republic of China to the south, east and west. Although Mongolia does not share a border with Kazakhstan, its western-most point is only 38 kilometres (24 mi) from Kazakhstan's eastern tip. Ulaanbaatar, the capital and largest city, is home to about 38% of the population. Mongolia's political system is a parliamentary republic.


The Altai mountains is called West Mongolia because of its important portion of the area. The Altai mountains consists of 2 main parts high Altai, about 900km long and low Altai, about 600km long of size runs from NW to SE. The mountain range is the foothills of the Altai of mountains, which are many times larger than alps and attacked in the heart of Asia, where they meet the borders of the Kazakhstan, Mongolia, China. Except Altai mountains are in west Mongolia to north 700 km penetrated Gobi desert, the we.stern part of forested Khangai mountain chains and sink of the great lakes situated. Here in this sink of the great lakes seas are the largest lake Uvs, Khar US Lake, Khyargas lake and the numerous eye lakes. The glaciers and the snow-covered summits in Altai Tavan Bogd, MunkhKhairkhan, Tsambagarav, Sutai and Harhiraa with more than 4000m form incredible panorama in western Mongolia. It is particularly well suitable for mountain climbers and alpine-interested travelers. The travel possibility is not only limited here thereby, but the changeful panorama is ideal for photo Film safaris, trekking and riding routes. The high plateau is ideal for trekking. The sink of the great lakes lies in the middle on the world route of birds and is with its many lakes and rivers a fantastic dream place for ornithologist. Because of the poor infrastructure is the country nearly untouched and much authentic. Except these nature beautifies offer the alpine fauna and - flora a fascinating alternative for tourists in national parks and nature protected areas. Here in the west Mongolia you travel in the nature protected areas such as Altai Tavan Bogd, MunkhKhairkhan, Tsambagarav, Khar us lake, Khyargas lake, Goviin Ih Darkhan Gazar, Huh Serhiin Nuruu, Sharga Mankhan, Siilhemiin Nuruu, Harhiraa Turgen mountains, Tsagaan Shuvuut and see also so much historical's. Here you find numerous historical man stone’s and petrocliffs. Particularly interesting is the rock painting in the cave Hoid Tsenkheriin Agui, which is estimated to be about 15000-40000 years old. Here with luck or effort you see snow leopard, wild sheep Argali, ibex, roe deer, mongolian gazelle, saiga antelope, wild camels, wild as etc. Also to make different ethnographical journeys and study tours is possible. Here in the west live different ethnic groups including also the only national minority Kazakh's. Each ethnic group has own culture, tradition and way of life. The throat singing and contortion find here in high Altai their origin. The Kazakh's has an old tradition to hunt by eagle. The hunting seasons with eagle is mainly cold winter months from October to March. The Nomads in west mongolia holds yaks, camels, horses, cattle, sheep and goats. The nomads use camels for the remote in the difficult areas to drive by lorry.


The endless width shows up also in the east of the country. The country in the east contains mainly from steppe, mountain steppe and desert areas. Different rock formations, steppe caves and also petrified trees are exotic and worth seeing. "Huduu Aral" the mystery place lies at the bench of Herlen river. Huduu Aral looks like an Island surrounding, rivers high planning mountains, that consists of the steppe lies to 50-100km's. Here you see mineral spring and the lake Avarga toson, which has 500m diameter and 26m depth. It is also for a short journey or a horse trekking very well suitable area. In the late autumn collect swans and other birds at the Ganga Nuur lake. Ideally time for photo and film safaris and also for ornithologist. Guaranteed you will meet thousands of mongolian gazelle in the east of the country in Dornod steppe. Fishing you can at Kherlen river and Buir lake. In addition nature protected areas such as Numrug, Ih Nartiin uuls, Hurugiin Hundii form changeful panorama's. Ideal for Photo, Film safari and also for Ornithology. The Nomads breed camels, horses, cattle, sheep and goats.

Pictorial landscape and mountains with fascinating rock formations, and the way of life of native nomads and the mongolian secret history are main attractions.


The northern main attraction Huvsgul lake is the once deepest lake of Mongolia and is called the blue pearl in the north. The water is fresh water and you here can drink without trouble however with bathing becomes nothing.

On a altitude of 1700m above see level is the water even in high summers ice cold, about 12 degrees. It is so clear that you see simply in about 25m deeply everything. The deepest point is 262m deeply. It is about 1% of the drinking water reserve of the world. It is rich on fish. The only river Eg rises from the lake. The deep blue lake is surrounded with forested mountains. The strictly protected Horidol Saridag 3093m and Ulaan taiga 3351m lie in west of the Huvsgul lake. The main kinds of wild games are wild sheep argali, ibex and roe deer. The high plateau is real dream with larch smell and fascinating panorama for trekker, horse rider, photo and film safari. The florist finds his fantastical world. It is anyway a destination for those, who prefer fresh air. Many people will enjoy the absolute silence also. The Darkhad sink is rich on fish with their about 300 small lakes and many rivers. It is absolute dream for fisherman’s. Here rises the Enissey. In addition here live the reindeer breeder in taiga.

Those people are the Tsaatan, which origin from the Tuwa immigrated and live deeply into the untouched mountain taiga in simple pointed tent. The way of life is not only so strange for western civilization, but also for Mongolians so strange too. For fisher otherwise are still different rivers and lakes in the north, like Eg, Schischgid, Selenge, or Delger and also Tsagaan Nuur lake. The area offers much more than the nature beautifies. The highest deer stone of Mongolia lies in the Huvsgul province. You find a chain of deer stone’s here. You travel here in northern Mongolia in the further nature protected areas such as uran Togoo mountain, Khan Khentiin Nuruu mountains, Gorhi Terelj NP, Ugtam and Mongol Daguur. The beauty of nature is fascinating. Very tasty is in the north mare’s milk -Airag do not only manufacture it, but the age-old family secret here is unbelievable. The Nomads breeds Yaks, horses, cattle, sheep and goats. The Khentii mountains forms the point of main water sheath. From here rivers rise eastward trough China to Pacific Ocean and northwards trough Russia to North Sea. The Khentii mountains is native country of the world conqueror Chingis Khaan. This country gave him power to bring under power of the eternally blue sky all the nations of the world under a roof. There are numerous historical places of him and Mongolian history. Here you can discover much of Chingis Khaans horses. You can follow the mongolian history by a jeep.


Here in the south of the country is the low Altai as continuation of the Altai mountain chains. In the north of Altai mountains are the valley of the lakes. These lakes and some rivers from the Khangai mountains offer a exploring route for ornithologist and bird viewers, because the area lies on the world route of birds. The most-visited place of tourists is in the south mongolia the NP Gobi Gurvan Saikhan mountains, which rise from the infinite level. Here in the NP there are some ravines, where you can experience and discover much. Guaranteed you will see bearded vulture. They are so numerous that they gave even the name YOLIIN AM - Eagle valley to the ravine. Here in the Yoliin Am and further ravines find you in hot high summer a surprising phenomenon - ice in the middle of Gobi. Ibex you see pretty often to face, but snow leopard not without hardly effort. At the western end of Gobi Gurvan Saikhan NP is the incredible high sand dune. Here in environment you find ideal area for horse and camel riding. At some places you see also different sickle dune. The Gobi desert contains numerous cemeteries of the gigantic dinosaur. The American researcher Roy Chapman Andrew had founded 1922 the first pieces of dinosaur in Bayanzag. In many different places Gobi in are the burial places of Dino' s on earth banks. Today still you can discover with luck much. Often paleontology inspired guests come into the perpetuated Jurassic Park in Mongolia. The tropical forest belt with Saxaultrees adorns the area. North and south of the Altai mountains are the endless steppes and desert. The population density is rather small. The Nomads breeds mainly camels, horses, sheep and goats. One of living traditional celebrations is camel celebration. The crying camels are pretty often genuine experience in the spring. Although in some parts, which looks as from God left, the Gobi is rich at fauna, flora and mineral resources. Pretty often you find real desert oases. The tropical forests and plants, as Saxaultrees, which suck from a depth of about 30m water, are well suitable exotic places for picnic. Here in the south mongolia are nature protected areas such as NP Gobi Gurvan Saikhan, Goviin Ihy Darkhan Gazar, Goviin Baga Darkhan Gazar, Ergeliin zoo and Suikhent etc. Main savage are mongolian gazelles, snow leopard, ibex, wild sheep argali, wild camels, mongolian khulan (also known as Mongolian wild ass) and the gobi bear nearly become extinct. In addition are the infinite width and the southern beauty of nature ideally for PHOTOS, FILM, Jeep safaris.


The area enclosure wide steppe, also Khangai mountains and delicate dunes. You will travel to different NP' s and nature protected areas posed such as Khangai mountains, Naiman Nuur, Horgo Terhiin tsagaan Nuur, Khugnukhaan, Batkhaan and Hustai NP. The only glacier in Khangai mountains called Otgontenger in 4062m and stands under state protection as holy place. Here takes national victim ceremony place. Khangain Nuruu consists mainly of forested mountains. Many extinct volcano's adorn nature beauties in Orkhon valley and Terkhiin tsagaan nuur. The well-known Orkhon Waterfall is 24m high. Numerous welfare-spring hot and cold sources of mineral are here present. The rivers Orkhon, Chuluut and the lake Ugii are absolutely rich on fish. Fisherman’s have often big success. Along the Orkhon river you will find the ruins of capitals of uigur and turkish states and of the Mongolian empire. Numerous monastery ruins are still to see. Partially they are restored. The small dune area Bayangobi represent here a nice oasis of the Gobi. The rock formations in Ih and Baga Gazariin Chuluu are very salient. In the NP Hustai gives chance to watch wild horses. Not very far of the NP you will see man stone’s from the 6-th century. The Nomads breed yaks, camels, horses, cattle, sheep and goats. The north and central Mongol have a old traditions to make Airag – fermented mare’s milk. The changeful scenes are wonderful for all kinds of tourism. Here in central Mongolia we can organize for you biking, walking, photo, film, bird watching, fishing and also study trips.

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